Periodontal disease is manifested when the gingival tissue that is supposed to form a barrier around the tooth to protect the supporting tissue and bone from bacteria fails to complete its task which would to lead to the formation of a pocket and bone loss. Pocket reduction treatments come in two forms:
A non-surgical treatment consisting of cleaning and scaling of the root surface to remove the plaque and tartar that builds up and hardens on the tooth surface and can only be removed with professional cleaning from above and below the gum line of all your teeth.
A surgical approach during which the gum is folded back, the disease causing bacteria is removed and the irregular surfaces of the bone are rendered smooth before securing the gingival tissue into place. This will allow the gum tissue to better reattach to healthy bone.